Women and Law in Southern Africa - Zambia
When women have secure rights to land, they make investments to improve land and acquire better quality inputs, participate in land rental markets, and receive more income, according to a report by Land Links. The enjoyment of land rights for women and youths remains a challenge in Zambia, although the government and civil society organizations (CSOs) are continually working to address this through policy reforms, training local chiefs on gender equality, and empowerment programs for women.
Zambia has two categories of land; State land and Customary land. State land includes land in urban areas and land used for mining or nature conservation. Customary land is administered by traditional leaders. Reforms introduced by the 2016 Constitution outlaw discriminatory practices against women who wish to acquire land. For women and youth entrepreneurs, the ability to own or access land without restrictions is critical not only because land is an important factor of production, but also because ownership of land that is protected by law is vital for the security and sustainability of the businesses that women choose to engage in.
Women and Law in Southern Africa (WLSA) is a regional NGO which is active in Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. WLSA promotes education and research to address the legal situation of women in southern Africa. Some of the issues addressed by WLSA include inheritance, maintenance, family law, justice delivery systems and gender violence. WLSA conducted a regional analysis of women’s access to land in southern Africa and the research proved that many links exist among gender violence, shortcomings of family law, threats from HIV/AIDS, discriminatory laws and customs and women’s limited access to and control over resources, especially land.
Women and Law in Southern Africa (WLSA)
Joseph Mwilwa Road